Use in expansion of port terminal
Contaminated sediment from the seabed at Sandvikselva in the Oslo fjord was removed by dredging and stabilized by mixing with a GGBS plus cement-based binder, and used in the construction of a new quay wall. Approximately 4,000 m3 of sediments were dredged by a mobile crane and grab, and placed behind a concrete sheet pile wall, where mass stabilisation was carried out by injecting and mixing the GGBS/cement binder with the dredged sediments.
The stabilised sediments were used for construction of a new quay wall, providing an additional 3,000 m2 of new amenity land. The binder was a 50:50 mix of GGBS and cement, mixed at a binder content of 140 – 180 kg/m3 of dredged sediment. The contaminants in the sediment comprised TBT, PAH, mercury and other heavy metals. Compressive strength tests on the stabilised sediments gave strengths in the order of 600 – 1,000 kPa at 260 days.
A follow up laboratory study on the potential impact of the stabilised sediments on leaching of contaminants concluded that this beneficial use of dredged sediments generally reduces the leaching of heavy metals due to (a) the reduced exposed surface area of contaminated sediments, and (b) immobilization effects of the binders used in the stabilisation.
- Miljøeffekter av stabilisering og solidifisering (STSO) av forurensede sedimenter i utløpet av Sandvikselva. Norsk Institutt for Vannforskning (NIVA) Rapport L.NR. 5972-2010.
- (Environmental Effects of Stabilization and Solidification (STSO) of Contaminated sediments in the outlet of Sandvikselva. Norwegian Institute of Water Research (NIVA) Report No. L.NR. 5972-2010).