Central Dredging Association

Understanding dredging

Creation of natural habitat and morphological stabilisation

Classification
R4B_2002_US
Major Function
Restoration
Other Functions
Resiliency
Location
Mordecai Island, Beach Haven, Ocean County, USA
Volume
19.000 m3 (25.000 cubic yards)
Technique
In Water Reallocation at final location
Contaminants
Not contaminated (clean)
Granulometry
N/A
Scale
Full project scale
Client
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Philadelphia district
Executor
Mordecai Island Trust (MLT), Reclaim the Bay (RCTB) and Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Ocean County
Research program
Enginering with Nature
Contact
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
Year start end
2002 - 2015
Document
Download Case Study

With increasing threats to coastal infrastructure from sea level rise and storms, emerging methods for mitigating these destructive forces are being evaluated and implemented throughout the US coastal regions. Natural and Nature-based Feature (NNBF) projects incorporate the addition of natural structures or fortify existing shoreline habitats with the aim of increasing coastal resiliency. The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has developed a program, Engineering with Nature (EWN) that utilizes these principals when undertaking a restoration project.

One such EWN coastal restoration project is being conducted on Mordecai Island, NJ to fill in an erosional cut that separated the north end from the main portion of the island.

The main goal of the Mordecai Island Costal Wetlands project is to preserve and protect Mordecai Island’s natural birds and marine habitats by stabilizing the shoreline and reducing future erosion.

Mordecai Island is a 45 acre back-bay island that acts as a buffer protecting coastal Beach Haven, NJ from storm generated waves and serves as critical habitat for diamond back terrapins and locally threatened black skimmers. Repurposing clean dredged material from the Intracoastal Waterway (ICW) off the western shore of Mordecai, the USACE placed sediment to elevate the eroded subtidal marsh cut back to an emergent habitat. Additionally, multiple shoreline stabilization strategies have been employed around the island, including planting of marsh grass and addition of bio-logs seeded with mussels.

Presently, the USACE and NOAA are collaborating to evaluate/monitor Mordecai Island with a goal of determining that magnitude of environmental benefits that are achieved.

Graphical information:

case study mordecai island 2002 // cs_mordecai-island-2002.png (708 K)

case study mordecai island historical context // cs_mordecai-island-historical-context.png (725 K)

case study mordecai island 2013 // cs_mordecai-island-2013.png (445 K)

References/web links

  1. Mordecai Island Coastal Wetlands Restoration, US Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia district BOR
  2. Engineering with Nature, Natural and Nature Based Features, https://ewn.el.erdc.dren.mil/nnbf.html